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In chemistry, a radical or more precisely, a free radical, is an atom, molecule, or ion that has unpaired valency electrons. In simpler terms: there is an imbalance – an electron is missing.

These unpaired electrons make free radicals highly chemically reactive towards other substances, or even towards themselves: their molecules will often spontaneously dimerize or polymerize if they come in contact with each other.

Oxidation is a chemical reaction involving the loss of electrons or an increase in oxidation state. Oxidation reactions can produce free radicals. In turn, these radicals can start chain reactions. When the chain reaction occurs in a cell, it can cause damage or death to the cell (similar to the process that turns an apple slice brown or a copper penny green).

Antioxidants terminate these chain reactions by removing free radical intermediates, and inhibit other oxidation reactions. They do this by being oxidized themselves, so antioxidants are often reducing agents such as thiols, ascorbic acid, or polyphenols. In simpler terms: an antioxidant is a molecule that inhibits the oxidation of other molecules.

Although oxidation reactions are crucial for life, they can also be damaging; plants and animals maintain complex systems of multiple types of antioxidants, such as, vitamin C, vitamin A, and vitamin E as well as various enzymes. Insufficient levels of antioxidants, or inhibition of the antioxidant enzymes, cause oxidative stress and may damage or kill cells. Oxidative stress seems to play a significant role in many human diseases, including cancers. Environmental factors such as UV rays, pollution, cigarette smoke, herbicides and a variety of other factor can spawn free radicals, respectively can cause oxidative stress.

Having listed all of the above scientific statements, it can be concluded that our cells and therefore our skin hast to eliminate free radicals in order to avoid damage and premature aging.

MelanSol is using a unique Antioxidant Synergy System to fight Antioxidants.

The interaction of green tea, natural vitamin E and Bio-Melanin produces a combined effect much greater than the sum of their individual effects.