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Melanin is a broad term for a group of natural pigments found in most organisms produced by the oxidation of the amino acid tyrosine, followed by polymerization.

The pigment is produced in a specialized group of cells known as melanocytes. In humans, Melanin is the primary determinant of skin color. It is also found in hair and the pigmented tissue underlying the iris of the eye. Melanin is dark brown to black and is the only and most important protection factor to shield the skin from the damaging effects of sunlight (UV radiation). The concentration of Melanin in the skin is directly related to the intensity of sunlight in different regions of the earth where the respective races have evolved.

Most recent scientific evidence indicates that all humans originated in Africa, then populated the rest of the world through successive radiations. It seems likely that the first modern humans had darker skin as with the indigenous people of Africa today. As some of these original peoples migrated and settled in areas of Asia and Europe, the selective pressure for Melanin production decreased in climates where radiation from the sun was less intense.

As with peoples having migrated northward, those with light skin migrating toward the equator acclimatize to the much stronger solar radiation. Most people’s skin darkens when exposed to UV light, giving them more protection when it is needed. This is the physiological purpose of sun tanning. Dark-skinned people, who produce more skin-protecting Melanin, have a greater protection against sunburn and the development of melanoma, a potentially deadly form of skin cancer, as well as other health problems related to exposure to strong solar radiation.

cell in the epidermis. layers of epidermis. structure of the human skin.

Why are we using the natural pigment Melanin in MelanSol?

Traditional sunscreens – as we know from research reports – are insufficient to protect our body from sunburn and a number of undesirable skin conditions. Powerful Antioxidants need to be added to skin care formulations in order to protect against skin cancer and photo aging changes. Melanin derived from the date palm fruit or other organisms (In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant or bacterium) is an extremely strong Antioxidant, a free radical scavenger with thousand times greater capacity than a simple molecule like vitamin E for capturing and destroying free radicals. It protects skin cells by absorbing hazardous UV-radiations. Melanin (we named it “Bio-Melanin”) is a significant accelerator of our body’s own Melanin production. In contrary to traditional Antioxidants (vitamin E or C, green tea and others), who can only scavenge free radicals, Bio-Melanin scavenges and terminates free radicals; it is capable to stop the free radical chain reaction.

(Compiled by using various sources including Wikipedia)